[古典相機] 完成個人 M42 日德俄三國演義,Praktica MTL 50.1985

IMGP5300 
德系 M42 最後銘機,完成日德俄三國 M42 機身收藏!

IMGP5311Praktica MTL 50 規格:Praktica 最後一台 M42 接環機身
生產公司:Kombinat VEB Pentacon Dresden
生產年份:1985.10 ~ 1989.12
快門速度:B,1,2,4,8,15,30,60,125,250,500,1000
閃燈同步速度:1/125 sec
ISO 設定:12 – 1600
自拍器速度:10 seconds
電池規格:PX 28 或 4LR44 (6V)


IMGP5356Praktica MTL 50 的測光系統的啟動按鈕即是景深預覽鈕,採用上下兩個三角形的 LED 顯示,當兩個三角的皆亮且亮度一致時為曝光正常值,而對焦屏則是三種都有(裂像、微菱、磨砂),手動對焦方便很多!

Praktica 機身在快門位置有其獨到的設計,據說這樣的設計讓快門觸動機構簡化,除了按壓上順手以外,也可以降低故障率。快門聲充滿德系的雄渾,很威!

真皮的覆皮除了顯得相當有質感以外,對於握持時的手感亦十分舒適,聞起來還留有皮革的氣味!而 ISO 值的設定一樣設計與快門速度設定鈕同一個位置 (與 Pentax SP-F 同),往上提即可設定 ISO 值。

IMGP5306 IMGP5316

過片時有著相當具有威力的觸感,過片捲片器的角度設計,將旋轉角度變小,是我現有的手動過片的機種中,最好用的一台。

IMGP5315

由於是最後一代機身,所使用的電池符合現代環保的要求,所以相容的電池好找多了!我拿到的皮套前面是一塊很硬的塑膠,整體感覺很粗獷豪邁!

IMGP5299

網友 MTL 50 介紹好文:
單行道:我的新相機是老相機-Praktica MTL 50(外觀篇)
單行道:我的新相機是老相機-Praktica MTL 50(功能篇)

Praktica L Type Cameras (From: http://home-1.tiscali.nl/~ferdix/history2.htm)

 Model  Meter  Electric Lenses  Comments  Year
Praktica L No No The basic model no meter 1970
Praktica LLC TTL Yes TTL metering. Full aperture metering with electric lenses 1971
Praktica LTL TTL No TTL metering. Step down metering 1972
Praktica LB Non TTL No Uncoupled, non TTL meter 1972
Praktica VLC TTL Yes LLC with removable viewfinder. Viewfinder compatible with Exakta RTL1000 1974
Praktica L2 No No Improved Praktica L. Multi Coated lenses 1975
Praktica LTL2 TTL No Improved Praktica LTL. Multi Coated lenses 1975
Praktica PLC2 TTL Yes Improved Praktica LLC. Multi Coated lenses 1975
Praktica VLC2 TTL Yes Improved Praktica VLC. Multi Coated lenses 1975
Praktica EE2 TTL Yes Aperture priority with electric lenses. Top of the line camera. 1977
Praktica MTL3 TTL No Third generation LTL 1978
Praktica PLC3 TTL Yes Third generation LLC 1978
Praktica VLC3 TTL Yes Third generation VLC 1978
Praktica EE3 TTL Yes Same as EE2.Aperture priority with electric lenses. 1978
Praktica MTL5 TTL No Fourth(?) generation LTL 1983
Praktica MTL5b TTL No Fifth(?) generation LTL 1985
Praktica MTL50 TTL No Led information in the viewfinder. Otherwise the same as the MTL5b. The last of the screw mount Prakticas 1985

本來有考慮了一下 Praktica PLC3,因為其支援半按快門測光,我又有一顆 Pentacon electric 135mm,想來試試,但因為 PLC3 的電池用的是 PX21,已停產了,網路上有人是用三顆 LR44 拼在一起 (4.5v),但因為高度會不夠,所以都會再加一點可導電的墊材,MTL50 所使用的電池 4LR44 容易取得,所以最後還是選擇 MTL50。另外,MTL5B 則是除了電池使用 LR44,測光系統與 MTL50 不同之外,其餘規格皆同。

註:Praktica PLC3 可以參考:http://www.praktica-collector.de/203_Praktica_PLC3.htm

Praktica MTL 50 & Pentax Spotmatic F

最後,針對日德兩台 M42 的銘機,做一個簡單的對照表如下:體型上,Pentax SP-F 秀氣,Praktica MTL50 豪氣,機身質感各擅勝場,整體來說 Praktica MTL50 的握感較佳,德系快門位置的設計提升不少拍攝的便利性,測光及按壓快門的動作,只須使用右手食指即可完成。

 

IMGP5305
Praktica MTL 50

IMGP4843
Pentax Spotmatic F 

快門速度 B ~ 1/1000 B ~ 1/1000
閃燈同步快門 1/125 1/60
ISO 設定範圍 12 – 1600 20 – 3200
自拍器速度 10 秒 6 – 12 秒
使用電池 PX28 (6v) PX625 (1.35v)
測光啟動 按景深預覽鈕同時測光 開鏡頭蓋即測光
曝光指示 LED 指針式

IMGP5322  IMGP5333 IMGP5334IMGP5331 IMGP5325IMGP5339 IMGP5332

合照:Pentax M42 集合

IMGP5345
Pentax SP-F, Pentax S-M-C 28mm f3.5, Pentax S-M-C 50mm f1.4

合照:Praktica Pentacon M42 集合

IMGP5344
Praktica MTL50, Pentacon auto 50mm f1.8 MC, Pentacon electric 135mm f2.8, Pentacon auto 29mm f2.8 MC, Pentacon 30mm f3.5

合照:Zenit M42 集合

IMGP5347
Zenit 122, Zenit Helios 44m-7 58mm f2 MC, Zenit APO TELEZENITAR-M MC 135mm f2.8

大合照:M42 大集合

IMGP5350
IMGP5349

補充說明:History From  Kamera-Werke  to  Pentacon

From: http://www.praktina.com/histkwe.htm

1919 - 1958

Kamera-Werke Logo
1959 - 1963

Kamera-Werke Logo
1964 - 1990

Pentacon Logo

Kamera-Werkstätten Guthe and Thorsh GmbH (1919 – 1938)

The Kamera-Werkstätten was estabilished in 1919 by Paul Guthe and Benno Thorsch. In 1928 the production was moved to Bärensteiner Strasse 30, near the Ica-Werk of Zeiss Ikon AG. In 1930 the production exceeded the 100 cameras per day with 150 workers. The Company produced in the twenties and thirties interesting cameras like the Patent-Etui-Kamera in 1920, the Pilot 3x4 in 1931, the Pilot 6 in 1935 and the Pilot Super in 1939. At the end of 1937 Paul Guthe emigrated to Switzerland since as Jew he fears for one's life.

Kamera-Werkstätten, vormals Guthe and Thorsh (1938 )

In 1938 Benno Thorsch, before to emigrate to the USA since as Jew he fears for one's life, made a deal with Charles Adolf Noble. Benno Thorsch bought the Noble's Photocopy Company in Detroit, USA, and Charles A. Noble bought the Kamera-Werkstätten in Dresden.

Kamera-Werkstätten Charles A. Noble (1938-1946)

In 1939 Charles A. Noble moved the Company to Niedersedlitz, near Dresden, into the building of a former factory of drops and sweets . The Kamera-Werkstätten showed at the Leipzig fair, spring 1939, the Praktiflex, a design begun in 1937 with Benno Thorsch and the engineer Alois Hoheisel. This new and interesting camera was a 35mm Single Lens Reflex with fixed waist-level finder and interchangeable lens with 40mm thread mount.
The Kamera-Werkstätten produced 11.000 Praktiflex cameras from 1939 till the end of WWII in May 1945.


Kamera-Werkstätten VEB Niedersedlitz (1946-1948)

After the WWII Germany was divided in two zones with Dresden under the Soviet occupation. In 1946 Charles A. Noble lost the property of the Company that was nationalized by the German Government with the name VEB Kamera-Werkstätten Niedersedlitz.

MECHANIK Kamera-Werkstätten VEB Niedersedlitz (1948-1951)

In 1948 KW introduced the Praktica, the first camera with 42x1 thread mount. The design of this new camera was developed from the Praktiflex under the leadership of the young engineer Siegfried Boehm.

OPTIK Kamera-Werkstätten VEB Niedersedlitz (1951-1953)

In 1952 KW showed the prototype of a 35mm Single Lens Reflex named Praktina. This camera, designed by Siegfried Boehm, is the first example of a professional 35mm SLR camera system. The Praktina was the first camera to allow the interchangeability of lens, finder, focusing screen, camera back and with the capability to use an electric motor.

VEB Kamera-Werke Niedersedlitz (1953-1958)

In August 1953 the Company, at that time with more than 1000 employees, changed the name in VEB Kamera-Werke Niedersedlitz . In 1956 KW introduced the Praktisix, a 6x6 SLR camera with a fully automatic control of the lens diaphragm and interchangeability of screens and finders.

VEB Kamera- und Kinowerke Dresden (1959-1963)

In January 1959 the Company merged with Zeiss Ikon and others Dresden's Companies into the VEB Kamera- und Kinowerke Dresden and the "KW" logo was replaced with the "Zeiss Tower" logo. The production of Contax-Pentacon and Praktina cameras was discontinued after a short time on the basis of the decision to develop all the future SLR on the basis of the Praktica body.

VEB PENTACON DRESDEN Kamera- und Kinowerke (1964-1967)

In January 1964 the Company changed the name into VEB PENTACON DRESDEN Kamera- und Kinowerke. The production of Praktica cameras continued with several models including the Praktica mat of 1965 with TTL exposure control. In 1966 PENTACON presented the Pentacon Super, a top camera with TTL metering at full working aperture, metal-leaf focal-plane shutter for speeds to 1/2000 and 42x1 mount. This camera, used in Soviet space stations in 1969, was heir to the Praktina with the same professional features as the interchangeability of lens, finder, screen, back and the capability to fit a motor. In 1966 the Praktisix was replaced by the Pentacon six with minor improvements.

Kombinat VEB PENTACON DRESDEN (1968-1984)

With the combination of the Ihagee Kamerawerk the Company changed the name into Kombinat VEB PENTACON DRESDEN. The production of Praktica cameras continued with significant models as the Praktica PL Electronic of 1968 with electronic shutter and the Praktica B200 of 1979 with the 42x1 thread mount replaced after 30 years by the Praktica-bayonet mount.

VEB PENTACON DRESDEN (1985-1990)

With the combination of the Feinoptisches Werk Göerlitz the Company changed the name into VEB PENTACON DRESDEN. A new name appeared on some SLR: Jenaflex. The VEB Pentacon Dresden ceased the activity in 1990 after the reunification of Germany. Over 9 million of cameras with the name Praktica were produced from 1947 to 1990.

留言

  1. 請問...
    MTL-5系列各有甚麼不同呢??
    最大的不同似乎就是50的LED測光顯示
    而5&5B感覺就是只有型號不同,規格根本一樣??!

    回覆刪除
  2. 您好,我只有 MTL50,所以沒辦法一一檢視差異,但就網路上查到的資料,基本上就規格來說,三台都一樣。

    顯著的差異是所使用的電池
    MTL5: PX625(1.35v)
    MTL5B: SR44, LR44(1.5v)
    MTL50: 4LR44(6v)

    MTL50 因為測光採用 LED 指示,所以電池不一樣,而 MTL5 所用的 PX625 已停產(因環保問題),可用 LR44 代用,雖電壓略高,不過應該不致影響測光。

    回覆刪除
  3. 哈囉~
    請問可以分享多一點MTL50的使用心得嗎?
    我有一台Lb2,但他故障了!!
    因為他很老舊了,也很髒(買來就這樣),現在又故障,
    修理的錢可能可以再賣一台了!!
    所以之後有想換MTL50看看!!

    回覆刪除
  4. 不曉得您想多知道什麼呢?

    MTL50 是我三台 M42 機身中,最中意的一台,無論是手感還是操控。
    不過僅僅實拍過兩卷,很不認真,如果您有興趣可以參考我的 Flickr:

    MTL50 vol.1
    MTL50 vol.2

    回覆刪除

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